coal fired steam or hot water boiler

The characteristics of internal circulating fluidized bed boiler

The internal circulating fluidized bed boiler (ICFB) efficiently co-combusts industrial waste, biomass fuel and coal, provides steam or hot water, and sets new standards in limiting SOx and NOx generation. In addition to the characteristics of general CFB boiler, the internal CFB boiler also has the following special structure and characteristics:

1. The internal CFB boiler has buried pipes, which can increase the heating area and regulate the temperature in the dense area.

2. The internal CFB boiler has a large area of air distribution bed, so that the boiler has more heat storage, which is conducive to fuel combustion and burnout, and provides a congenital condition for a wider variety of coal adaptability;

3. The internal CFB boiler has a large cross-sectional area of the furnace, the flow rate of flue gas is low, which can improve the primary combustion rate of fuel, reduce the wear of the furnace, reduce the power consumption and energy consumption;

4. The wind arch composed of secondary air can supply oxygen and disturbance on the one hand, and on the other hand, can lengthen the combustion time of coal, which is conducive to coal burnout;

5. Water-cooled membrane wall of the cyclone separator, effectively prevent high temperature coking and center cylinder bias, which improves the efficiency of the separator;

6. Porous and controllable feed return valve makes the feed return reliable, even if the feed return has a coke block, since there are a lot of feed back port, there is no need to immediately stop the furnace, the user can stop the furnace when it is available for them to clear the coke.

7. Tail flue gas duct patented technology: water cooling furnace roof and chevron water cooling flue gas duct, can effectively solve the roof and smoke wall collapse and leakage of ash or air, which improve the environment of the boiler room.

Mature technology in biomass boiler, our SZL series chain grate boiler widely available renewable energy technology that generate steam from 6 to 40 ton to any industry factories, facilities, plants, etc. What’s more, our ZG Boiler can can supply larger capacity and high pressure circulating fluided bed, power plant boiler, biomass boiler, produce steam for electricity or other requirements. A fully automated operation system, similar to those used for conveying feed and grain on farms, delivers biomass pellets from an outdoor silo to the boiler’s hopper. At a rate predetermined by user-controlled settings, a fuel-feed system then delivers the pellets to a combustion chamber. Pellets are burned using staged combustion air injection (a process that reduces NOx ). A cyclone separator knocks out particulate matter that is then removed by an on-line, automated mechanical cleaning and ashremoval system. Usually, biomass fired cfb boiler has higher thermal transferring efficiency than chain grate boiler. And both of them can burn mixed fuels like wood pellet and coal; bagasses and coal; palm shell and coal etc.

At 10:00 on September 6 and more, Harbin, a business is the purchase of a new boiler equipment installation, commissioning process when staff at a boiler pressure gauge index found that the performance of the boiler abnormal, but not so the commissioning personnel when the next step, a sudden loud noise, boiler explosion, a huge flame and furnace pressure debugging of oil spray everywhere, four commissioning personnel are subject to varying degrees of injuries, was taken to hospital for treatment .

Boiler is an energy conversion device, by entering the fuel to the boiler, chemical energy, power, etc., outputs a constant steam heat, hot water or organic heat carrier, to provide support for the heat industries. Meanwhile, the boiler is also a special equipment has a certain risk, when the boiler installation, commissioning, operation, etc., be sure to boiler operation safety first.

Now, Xiao Bian to operational safety considerations gas boiler summarize, we can refer to.

First, start, boost, steam supply

1, before the start of the preparatory work

Internal and external check: Check boiler, burner, a good state of the accessory device; action safety accessories, each of the valves, such as flexible instruments, the correct position.

Check the line voltage to meet the requirements, a variety of normal switch position, respectively, various auxiliary pump starts operating, the burner fan, oil pump is normal.

Boiler Feed: exhaust valve opening, to ensure the normal water level (just below the water level).

2, start

Firstly purging the furnace, induced draft fan suction time is usually about 10 minutes to ensure that no residual gas in the furnace, passing substitutions, and ignition for combustion air supply.

After firing is completed according to the adjustment amount of load required for combustion, the boiler into normal operation.

During startup, to closely monitor changes in water level, water boiler accident or occurrence textile full of water accidents.

Second, the normal operation

1, the water level

Fuel gas-fired boiler water table should be the red line indicating the high, medium and low water level, the operation shall not exceed the maximum safe level or below the minimum safe level.

Rinse water table at least once per shift, when there is suspicion of running water, rinse should always check.

2, steam pressure

Red lines indicate the working pressure gauge should have, so sensitive and reliable, the trap should be flushed at least once a week.

3, safety valve

Safety valve should seal intact, no leakage; once a week manually (or automatically) emission test, and begin start pressure, opening pressure, reseating pressure and test time, participants, etc credited maintenance log book u, for future reference .

4, sewage

Proceed as boiler water quality requirements of water quality testing personnel under the guidance of class 1 or 2 times sewage, sewage incident not too long, generally no more than 10 minutes.

Sewage should (preferably when shutdown), should be closely monitored sewage water level changes, and pay attention to safety at the time of low load, low pressure, high water level.

Many boilers when sharing a sewage mains, while sewage is prohibited.

Third, shutdown

1, the normal shutdown

After normal boiler shutdown should generally be reduced boiler load operation, press the boiler shutdown procedure. Actuated pump water to high water level, pressure steam boiler to be dropped after 0.3MPa flushing water table and sewerage operations, and finally close the raft, cut off the power supply control cabinet, wipe equipment, clean up the environment and health, For water, the water temperature should be below after 70 ℃, before proceeding.

2, emergency shutdown

When the boiler operation in the following situations should immediately shutdown:

Furnace water level drops below the minimum water level gauge visible edges.

Increasing water supply and other measures, but digital still continue to fall.

Boiler water level exceeds the highest visible water table level (full of water), the water still can not see the water level.

All water supply system water pump failure or malfunction, not water to the boiler.

Water gauge or safety valve all the failures.

Endanger the boiler element is damaged and the safety of operating personnel.

Combustion equipment damage, or furnace wall collapse and other red-hot boiler structure is a serious threat to the safe operation of the boiler.

Other anomalies endanger the safe operation of the boiler.

3, maintenance

Before maintenance work should be well prepared, as before entering the drum interior work, must be of sufficient strength to connect all of the metal blocking plate spaced reliable steam, water, sewage and other operation of the boiler pipes, and the drum manholes and hand holes (boiler shell) is opened, so that air convection period.

After the completion of preparations to repair. Should ensure that the quarterly frequency of boiler maintenance and repair of the year.

Advances in technology to the boiler industry into new and innovative ideas, now the boiler manufacturers boiler are easy targets toward the operation forward, but in the use of the boiler, improper operation or other quality problems still exist, these failures will It is causing the direct cause of the explosion boilers. Therefore, when using the boiler must be in strict accordance with safety practices boiler, security incidents strangled in the cradle.

3, easy

Gas-fired steam boiler in the use, operation is very convenient, so will much favored by all walks of life. Because the use of all natural gas pipeline, a sustained run without any problems. Eliminating the need to transport coal use and clean-up or stacking cinder and other tedious work.

4. Clean the reason why gas steam boiler in the market to get a high rating, but also because it is clean and not contaminated during use, and does not produce black bottom of the pot, there is no air pollution. Thus, in use, compared to other boiler is the cleanest way.

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