safety check for steam boilers

Industrial boiler scale remaining after pickling cleaning operation of boiler scale, and in particular the sulfate scale silicate scale even pickling method, it is difficult disposable washed. Residual scale much rougher than the surface of scale-free surface, a rough surface has a plurality of cavities, and the cavity was a stagnation region, where the scale easily concentrated, deposited, raw knot. Based on the above-mentioned negative factors, the boiler pickling, the handling of the residual scale is necessary. 2 2.1 descaling methods and principles sodium humate salt and so synergy, the purpose of removal of old scale during operation. 2.2 Principle dirt into CaC3 water residue. I play a dissolution of silicate. NaOH silicate scale is difficult to dissolve and react to produce soluble sodium silicate. The higher the temperature of the boiler water containing alkali solution, the above reaction is carried out more easily. An organic phosphonate of chelation and lattice distortion effect. Organic phosphonates and not only in aqueous solution Ca2-, Mg2- form a stable chelate compound, but also have been formed, and CaCO3 crystals phosphonic acid), since chelation Ca2-, so that CaCO3 scale layer many voids, reduce the interaction between the scale layer, the hard scale becomes debris in the pot of water to the boil, it played a role in the erosion and the dispersion, together with the waste water drain. The use of renewable organic polycarboxylate self-release effect and the descaling effect. Organic polycarboxylate heat transfer surface can form a film with such a film which is co-precipitated layer of scale grows to a certain extent will break, and the heat transfer surface away together with the scale, come off. Sodium humate by osmosis. Sodium humate has a strong penetration effect, can penetrate into the scale and the metal contact surface with calcium, magnesium metathesis reaction, the surface adhesion decreases old scale and metal fall off. Application Examples Example 3 a factory a KZL2-8 Horizontal package boilers, raw ground water, 10.Mg2 + hardness meter), although the water treatment equipment, due to poor water quality, combined with improper operation, junction raw scale, covering area of ​​more than 90%, the average thickness of 45mm, the thickest of 11mm. after pickling, whichever residual scale, through experiments, is determined sulfate scale. By its nature, the program uses the following: ⑶ epileptic), then cast added Na2C3, will increase the alkalinity boiler water to 18), an amount calculated as follows: G = the amount of V ° (D-D of the standard) MG-Na2C3 of , g; V- boiler water capacity, m3 (2t / h boiler by 4 meter) D required to achieve standard pan of water alkalinity, mmol / L (OH, D assay time of a pot of water alkalinity, mmol molar mass / L-NaC3 of persons Na2C3 after the above-described embodiment the dosage amount, than before dosing boiler water turbidity increases, first, because the agent itself increases the salt content, the second is the scale under the effect of the agent, gradually slag into water. over time, gradually reduce turbidity, running six months later, most of the remaining scale is removed a few off the bottom of the drum, into the soft dirt, water residue will easily become excluded. example two factory Taiwan KZL4-10 horizontal packaged boiler, no water quality testing prior to installation, commissioning a mistake softening equipment, water quality criteria is not met, resulting in the installation of new boilers three months after the operation, Wall Sheung scale portion is blocked, and the emergence of squib, replacing the 6, the remainder of the scale Of about 4mm, the individual parts 7 ~ 8mm. After pickling, the scale remaining large as replenishment of water in the furnace of the trona 3.5mmol / L, when the multi-alkalinity boiler was maintained at 15 ~ 20mmol / L or so ( OH, F COT), so there is no dosing Na2C3, adding only a HEDMP, HEMA and sodium humate, running four months, a significant reduction in the residual scale. problem most exposed parts of the metal to be noted that dosage .4 agent to remove residual main scale, must be strictly controlled boiler feed water or demineralized water hardness 0.03mmol / L or less (by Shi Ca2 ' "1Mg2 ten dollars), into the pot to prevent hardness scale and consumption of new raw junction agent. For this purpose, examples of a case of re-commissioning the softening equipment, examples of two direct replacement softening equipment, and analysis of operating personnel have been trained .5 conclusion after more residual scale boiler pickling, do not allow continuous pickling can be adopted pot-treatment method to solve.

Depending on the energy saving effect of 4 tons of gas boiler can be divided into three horizontal and two types of return gas condensing boiler integrated type gas boiler;

AMD Power were to buy 10 tons of steam and one 4 tons of steam condensing safety check for steam boilers fuel gas from the company for cell processing company production and construction. From the analysis of the demand to the boiler factory, by the company solely responsible for AMD Power fully demonstrated the company's confidence in me, the smooth progress of bilateral cooperation.

However, detailed knowledge of biomass specifications and full understanding of their variability of supply are paramount to design boilers with the highest efficiency and availability, and to operate them in the most economical way.After introducing the market drivers and technical challenges of firing new types of solid biomass and residues in utility boilers, this paper presents the key technical features needed in CFB boilers firing challenging biomass, in order to overcome challenges associated with plant availability.

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